1) What are your warranty terms and conditions?
10 Year Limited Warranty Coverage (Mattresses)
Warranty Term: 10 years non-prorated, 20 year prorated
Stitches pulled out of the quilting
Body indentations of 1.5" or greater
Excessively lumpy feeling
Sagging: Your mattress must be continuously supported by a matching foundation, or equivalent with an appropriate frame. The frame should include a center support with at least 5 legs or 5 hardwood cross slat for queen and king sets. If wood legs are used, there must be 4 legs per foundation.
We do warranty the rubber mattresses on the Pacific Rim slatted bed system or similar system with slats no more than 2.5" apart.
Splits in the wood frame
Squeaks, rattles, or noises
Loose or broken plastic pieces
Compression of modules
Unstapling of modules
Items not covered
Stains, soiling, or burns
Damage caused by moving
Damage due to abuse
Structural damage due to improper bed frame
For your Information
In order for your warranty to be valid you must:
Provide the law label from your product
Provide a copy of proof of purchase
Be original retail purchaser
3 Year Limited Warranty Coverage (Accessories)
Clumping of filling
Excessive loss of fluff (except all cotton pillow)
Clumping of filling
Clumping of filling
Broken or torn elastics
Items not covered
Any product with stains, soiling or burns
Wool comforters used without a duvet cover
Pillows and comforters that have been washed
Pitting of fabric from washing
2) What does medical field say about exposure to these chemicles?
1)Dr. Liberman made the following statement:
“We live in a very technologically advanced world, which advocates the advantages of these technologies but rarely ever considers the disadvantages or potential harm. Everything in life must be considered on a cost/effectiveness ratio basis.
It seems ill advised to expose hundreds of millions of people to a potential health hazard in order to protect a very few. …. I am absolutely opposed to adding the proposed toxic chemicals to mattresses. I render my opinion based on my education, training and experience in the field of occupational and environmental medicine.”
Allan D. Lieberman, MD
Consultant in Occupational and Environmental Medicine”
ALLAN D. LIBERMAN, M.D., F.A.A.E.M.
Diplomate, American Board of Environmental Medicine
Member, American College of Occupational
& Environmental Medicine
CENTER FOR OCCUPATIONAL &
ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, P.A.
7510 NORTHFOREST DRIVE,
N. CHARLESTON, SC. 29420-4297
Phone 843-572-1600 / Fax 843-572-1795
Website: www.coem.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2)Dr. Rapp made the following statement:
“The world has gone completely crazy. Until the powers that be can prove that what they propose for protecting mattresses against fire will not harm a pregnant woman, an unborn baby, an infant, a child, the elderly or a normal male or female they should UNQUESTIONABLY NOT EVEN CONSIDER PUTTING CHEMICALS INTO EVERY MATTRESS.
What can we do to stop the nonsense!!! “
Doris J. Rapp, MD, F.A.A.A., F.A.A.P. Is a board-certified environmental medical specialist and pediatric allergist. She was a clinical assistant professor of pediatrics at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Dr. Rapp is the founder of the Practical Allergy Foundation and is a past President of the American Academy of Environmental Medicine. She is also the author of several books.
• 1421 Colvin Blvd • Buffalo, New York 14223 Phone 716-875-0398 • Fax 716-875-5399 • Website: www.drrapp.com Email email@example.com
***These respected Doctors oppose not only Boric Acid, but also any chemical that is known to be toxic. They also oppose any new flame retardant chemical to be put in our mattresses that have not been thoroughly tested for human toxicity for use in this application.
3) Have pesticides been linked to stillbirths?
“Maternal exposure to workplace or household pesticides in early pregnancy increases the risk for stillbirths, The study authors discovered that one month of maternal exposure to workplace pesticides during the first two months of pregnancy resulted in a 2.4 times increased risk for stillbirth due to congenital defects, compared with mothers with no such exposure. Pregnant women with one-month workplace pesticide exposures during their first trimester (three months) also faced a 70% raised risk for stillbirths due to placental, cord, and membrane complications **
Home exposure was by far the most common site for maternal pesticide exposure Women exposed during early pregnancy to chemicals such as cockroach and ant insecticides for one month in the home environment were found to have a 70% raised risk for stillbirths due to congenital defects, the researchers conclude. Occupational and Environmental Medicine (1997;54:511-518)”
“Exposure to pesticides, especially during early pregnancy, had a clear positive association with stillbirths regardless of cause of death.” http://oem.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/54/7/511
4) Are organic mattresses really better for you? What's wrong with traditional mattresses?
A new law is being enacted nationwide by the CPSC and went into effect in California January 1, which requires all mattresses to resist ignition from open flames. The primary chemical used, as a flame retardant, is a poisonous pesticide called Boric Acid, yes the exact same poisonous chemical (H3BO3) used to kill insects. Our recent science gives us many more warnings on human exposure. The EPA and CDC warn of Reproductive, Developmental, and Neurological Damage. It has many known health risks including, genital damage, brain damage, anemia, infertility, birth defects, and death, and at the very least may dry and irritate your skin and lungs.
This Poisonous chemical is going in our beds, not in some plastic part on your computer. Our Beds, where we sleep, are intimate, and lay our newborn babies with us. These chemicals are concentrated in the surface of our mattresses and absorb through our skin and breathing. Doctors agree long close exposure on a mattress eight hours every day increases risks.
***This issue is urgent because these chemicals are already being added to many new mattresses nationwide in anticipation of this new law. The law becomes effective January 1st in California and probably within the next year for the entire United States.While Boric Acid is an ancient method to fireproof cloth, it is also a known poisonous pesticide/insecticide. When Roaches, Ants, and other insects walk through its dust it kills them, and their entire colony within three weeks. It may be safe use to fireproof something like booth drapes at a convention. But this time they are putting a large amount of it in the surface of our mattresses! ***
Boric Acid is a poisonous pesticide: Effectively kills roaches, silverfish, ants, fleas, palmetto bugs and water bugs. Most people have the common sense not to put a pound or more in the surface of their mattress.
They have a saying in the pesticide industry, “There are no safe pesticides, only safe use.” Respected Doctors agree: Boric Acid in the surface of mattresses is not safe use.
Most people have trouble believing industry and government are putting this poisonous chemical in our mattresses to make them fireproof, and think, they must use a different chemical or something else. No, it is exactly the same chemical as the pesticide (H3BO3). Check the mattress Law Tag; if it says ‘Treated Cotton’ it’s likely Boron/Boric Acid.
How is this happening? It appears industry and government have taken the attitude, ‘Well, we have been making cloth fireproof for years with Boric Acid and don’t know of killing anyone yet. They consider it a good chemical because it can protect us from fire. Then they make the stretch that it is OK to concentrate a large amount of this chemical in the surface of our mattresses. Does the Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) not know what another branch of our government is doing? The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) a division of the Center for Disease Control (CDC) cites Boron/Boric Acid as one of 275 substances “which pose the most significant potential threat to human health”
Perhaps the CPSC and industry are unaware there are a lot more new scientific discoveries in the last 30-years that prove and warn of the human exposure risks from Boric Acid. One mattress with this chemical claims: “Contains no harmful chemicals.”
5) What are some health effects of these chemicles added in traditional mattresses?
Boric Acid is absorbed through skin contact, particularly damaged skin, and inhalation. Quoting the federally required Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Boric Acid (H3BO3):
**“Potential Health Effects **
Causes irritation to the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. May be absorbed from the mucous membranes, and depending on the amount of exposure could result in the development of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness, rash, headache, fall in body temperature, low blood pressure, renal injury, cyanosis, coma, and death.
Symptoms parallel absorption via inhalation. Adult fatal dose reported at 5 to > 30 grams.
Causes skin irritation. Not significantly absorbed through the intact skin. Readily absorbed through damaged or burned skin. Symptoms of skin absorption parallel inhalation and ingestion.
Causes irritation, redness, and pain.
Prolonged absorption causes weight loss, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rash, convulsions and anemia. Liver and particularly the kidneys may be susceptible. Studies of dogs and rats have shown that infertility and damage to testes can result from acute or chronic ingestion of boric acid. Evidence of toxic effects on the human reproductive system is inadequate.
**Aggravation of Pre-existing Conditions: **
Persons with pre-existing skin disorders or eye problems, or impaired liver, kidney or respiratory function may be more susceptible to the effects of the substance
**See full MSDS:** www.jtbaker.com/msds/englishhtml/b3696.htm or http://www.rosemill.com/html/msds/chem_boric_acid_msds.pdf
6) What is the law for adding these chemicles to traditional mattresses?
As a Mattress Manufacturer who has been in business for thirty years I began investigating what is required to meet a new law where mattresses must pass open flame ignition tests. At first I was concerned because we have not had a good history with trying to make things fireproof. We have created nightmares with Asbestos and Flame Retardant Chemicals. PCB FRC’s were banned in 1976 after much human and environmental damage that continues to this day. PBDE’s were found in women’s breast milk in 2003. In 2004 we find still another FRC that should be banned. As I investigate the chemicals required to be used in mattresses under this fire standard I become more and more alarmed. They create a health risk that could be catastrophic.
Even though an existing 1973 federal law requires mattresses not ignite from cigarettes burning all the way down -- A new law will require mattresses to also resist open flame ignition. This new law has been called “the toughest fire standard, of any kind, ever.” The test method requires mattresses to withstand a large flame from a propane torch for about a minute and then not ignite for 30 to 60 minutes. To meet this standard mattresses must be completely encased in a thick fire barrier fabric just under the outer ticking. This fire barrier requires a large amount of flame retardant chemicals to pass this test. Mattress manufacturers are free to meet this standard with any chemicals they choose. The chemicals used will be Modacrylics (acrylic fibers modified by the addition of Metal Oxide flame retardant chemicals) and Boric Acid (a flame retardant that is also a poisonous pesticide and known toxin). The most cost effective and widely used solution is and will be cotton batting with a large amount of Boric Acid added. Boric Acid is not chemically bound and exists as loose dust mixed with the cotton fibers.
According to USA Today, “Though the USA has the world's toughest flame retardancy standards, 3,000 people die in fires each year. The Chemical Manufacturers Association estimates the number would be up to 960 higher without the [1.2 Billion pounds of] flame-retardant chemicals we now use [annually]. (2) “From 1980 to 1998, bedroom fires dropped 68 percent and their related deaths by 52 percent, according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. Why? -- A standard that was enacted in 1973 that prevents mattress ignition from cigarettes. Do we need more regulation?
We all want to save lives. Does the risk outweigh the benefit? Proponents of the new regulation want to reduce open flame ignition of mattresses by requiring a thick chemically saturated fire suit on every mattress. This has been called ‘the toughest new fire standard ever.’ ISPA (International Sleep Products Association) estimates some 300 people die from open flame ignition of mattresses each year. Are 10% of the fire deaths a high estimate? They also estimate up to one third, or 100 people might be saved by this new law, after twenty or more years, when all existing mattresses are replaced -- A best estimate gain of five lives per year. These estimates are debatable. In a fire toxic gasses from the new FRC’s might kill more than they save. Of course 100, 5, or even one life are hugely important. But there is also an associated risk. We will test hundreds of millions of people, our entire population, with chronic exposure to these chemicals. What if, we find years from now that the lawyers get rich again and we have sterilized, harmed, or killed massive amounts of people? Is the benefit worth the risk?
7) Is it necessary to add these chemicles to traditional mattresses to avoid fires?
ISPA’s web page tells us: “Boric acid treated cotton has been widely used by the U.S. mattress industry for more than 30 years with no known human toxicity or environmental problems associated with this application. In fact, boric acid solutions are often used as an eye wash.” While there are some safe uses for Boric Acid including eye wash, “In the past, boric acid was used as a topical treatment for infants with diaper rash. However, even in diluted (3%) form it caused significant toxicity and two deaths.” Our exposure in mattresses will be close and chronic.
In my own 30-years experience I have never known boric acid to be used in innerspring mattresses and double-checked with some people. I spoke with a regional manufacturer who has been making mattresses since 1958, almost fifty years. He confirmed he has never used or seen boric acid used in cotton batting in mattresses because it is not needed. He explained that mattresses easily pass the cigarette ignition test when foam or polyester is quilted into the ticking and there is no need to pay the 7% extra cost to have boric acid added to the cotton batting. I then spoke with a cotton batting manufacturer and was told that none of his innerspring mattress manufacturer customers bought boric acid treated cotton batting. They only bought untreated batting for the above reasons, they did not want to pay the extra costs and it was not necessary to meet existing federal standards for cigarette ignition. Thus I dispute ISPA’s statement that Boric Acid has been ‘widely’ used in mattresses.
From reading ISPA’s web site I can’t find any research on the safety of flame retardant chemicals they will use. I don’t think there is any. Like the Modacrylic fiber manufacturers admission – there is no toxicological research. Yet we charge ahead and put FRC’s in our mattresses that we know nothing about how they will affect people.
The only thing I can find that speaks to the safely of these chemicals is the National Cotton Batting Institute website. On a NCBI web page, http://www.natbat.com/docs/boron.htm , someone who is not even a doctor admits the safety question of Boric Acid exposure comes up every year. He tells us Boric Acid has been used since the days of the ancient Greeks as a food preservative. This was true until the early 1900’s when it was largely banned as a food preservative because we discovered the true dangers and people were getting sick and dying from Boric Acid. Then he says: “The Environmental Protection Agency has established that boric acid is benign.” I don’t know where he gets this statement because my research shows the EPA warns Boric Acid is a Reproductive and Developmental Toxin. The EPA warns not to have skin contact: “use of the substance without dermal protection may result in serious chronic and developmental effects.” “EPA is concerned that toxicity to aquatic organisms may occur at a concentration as low as 300 ppb” (Please see previous links to EPA statements.) Then they cite a single measure of toxicology, on a single animal species, by stating it takes huge oral quantities, 2660 milligrams of dose per kilogram of body weight, to kill half the rats in a study and compares Boric Acid to Table Salt. There are many more facts they leave out. Inhalation appears to be a much greater risk than oral and rats have died from inhaling only 28mg/m3/4h. He does not tell us that our government reports human deaths from “2-3 g in infants, 5-6 g in children and 15-20 g in adults (Locatelli et al. 1987; Wong et al. 1964).” He does admit Boric Acid is toxic: “So are borates toxic? Certainly, and so is virtually every and anything else you come in contact with.” I guess this some how makes it OK that we are exposed to a lot of toxins, and also sleeping in them won’t matter? He then goes on to say we don’t know of killing anyone yet by using it in mattresses. It is not just a matter of dying. Boric Acid also makes you sick from much lower quantities. Recent numerous studies on various animal species and humans with various types of exposures and durations show Boric Acid can do serious damage with no external symptoms. It appears they have not considered or addressed the huge warnings our modern science gives us.
Until now, under the new law, Boric Acid in mattresses has been very limited. It has been used in some prison mattresses and that would be a very good place for researchers to look for health or sterilization affects. “Central nervous system injury, gastrointestinal effects, and skin damage are characteristic manifestations of boron toxicity in humans. Liver and kidneys in humans and testes in animals can also be affected. Various clinical and biochemical changes associated with these effects may be measured to detect the extent of exposure to boron. There is no single biological indicator of boron exposure” It can be difficult to detect Boron poisoning. Are there unreported cases of Boron poisoning from mattresses? I read a report of one Asthma sufferer who claimed sleeping on a Boric Acid mattress made it difficult for him to breathe. He tried alternating sleeping on the Boric Acid and a ‘clean’ mattress for several days each for several trials. He finally determined the Boric Acid mattress was causing his problem. What will happen to these people when they can’t get a ‘clean’ mattress? Our healthy adult bodies can tolerate and get rid of a certain amount of poison. How about impaired people? How about children? We know “Neonatal children are unusually susceptible to boron exposure.” How about the unborn? “Exposure to pesticides, especially during early pregnancy, had a clear positive association with stillbirths regardless of cause of death.” http://oem.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/54/7/511 We now experience some 30,000 infant deaths in the US each year. Are any of these related to Boric Acid? A piece of cotton batting that contains 10% Boric Acid by weight can contain up to or more than a pound of poison in the surface of your mattress. Then as you often lie on your mattress with your mouth and nostrils directly on the surface perhaps your drool causes you to ingest these chemicals. But certainly you are breathing these chemicals and absorbing them through your skin. The NCBI goes on to tell us Boric Acid will kill organisms in our mattresses and that it is also an insecticide. Should this tell us something? Yes it’s Poison. How much poison are you willing to tolerate in your mattress?
The science of toxicology uses high dose short-term exposure on various animals to predict the affect of low dose long-term exposure on humans. Chemical exposure risk greatly increases with, close contact, and length of exposure. For an infant born today this exposure on a mattress will be eight or more hours per day, every day, for the next seventy years or more.
Boric Acid, a chemical made from the reaction of Sulfuric Acid and Borax, should not be confused with Boron salts that occur in nature. Boric acid is the raw stuff. It occurs in nature in only one place in the world -- A steam vent in Italy where Sulfuric Acid mixes with Borax. (Microsoft Encarta)
See the pictures for our mattreses. We have added a picture of a traditional mattress cutaway that shows how Boric Acid is used in mattresses. The layer at the surface is fluffy cotton batting treated with Boric Acid. The layer next to the springs is compressed cotton batting treated with Boric Acid. The law label tells us the mattress contains: 47% Urethane Foam, 39% Treated Cotton, 13% Polyester Fiber. By weighing the cotton batting in the mattress and assuming 10% Boric Acid by weight,Boric Acid treated mattresses would contain the following amount of Boric Acid in each mattress: (3)
Amount of Boric Acid in Mattresses by Size
Here is how Boric Acid is applied to cotton batting: “Generally applied in the mixing machine prior to garnetting, boric acid is introduced to the cotton fibers along with a small amount of oil and chemical surfactant. To further achieve even distribution and adherence to the fibers, the boric acid is ground to a very fine consistency prior to application. … Applied as a white powder, boric acid is inorganic and is odorless.” (NCBI) Thus you can see Boric Acid is not chemically bound and exists as loose dust in the surface of our mattresses. As the mattress gets older and oils dry out even more Boric Acid will kick up into our faces with every body movement for us to breathe and absorb.
It would be roughly equivalent to take a pound or two of Boric Acid Roach Killer, sprinkle it on the surface of our existing mattress, and rub it in. This might make it flameproof. Does this make you feel safer?
8) Do you have any links to references opposing use of these chemicles?
(1) “Government regulations and industry standards obligate manufactures to add flame-retardants to a wide range of products used everyday. Many of these flame retardant products are toxic... The benefits of protecting people from death and property from damage resulting from fires must be weighed against exposure to chemicals that are potentially harmful to human health and the environment.” http://www.marketresearch.com/map/prod/924720.html
(2)“Demand for flame retardants in the US is projected to increase nearly four percent per year to 1.2 billion pounds in 2005... This assessment of the one billion pound US market for flame retardants...” http://www.marketresearch.com/map/prod/738639.html
(3) USA Today: “Though the USA has the world's toughest flame retardancy standards, 3,000 people die in fires each year. The Chemical Manufacturers Association estimates the number would be up to 960 higher without such flame retardants” http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2003-09-22-breast-milk_x.htm
(4) From the Los Angeles Times: “… Many say they are dismayed that industry and society have forgotten lessons learned from the toxic legacies of the past. … 'Didn't we learn from PCBs?'" http://eces.org/articles/000093.php
(5) “… says it's a never-ending battle. Grey says she wants to know how the products get to market in the first place. … "It's only after they've been using them and that they've exposed humans to these hazards that they say it is dangerous," she says. Both Grey and Dewailly say they wonder why such effects aren't discovered during pre-testing before companies market the products.” http://www.cbc.ca/stories/2003/09/17/pollutants030917
(6) “EPA has identified health concerns for reproductive and blood toxicity based on data on structurally similar borons. … EPA has determined, however, that manufacture, process, or use of the substance without dermal protection may result in serious chronic and developmental effects. Also, based on analogy to boron, EPA is concerned that toxicity to aquatic organisms may occur at a concentration as low as 300 ppb of the PMN substance in surface waters.” http://www.epa.gov/oppt/chemtest/snur28.pdf
(7) Boric acid (CAS No. 10043-35-3); Tetraborate and its salts, including sodium borate
Male reproductive toxicity has been manifested as testicular atrophy and adverse effects on sperm production.
Female reproductive toxicity has been manifested as decreased numbers of litters produced, and decreased numbers of corpora lutea.
Developmental toxicity has been manifested as reduced viability, reduced fetal weights, and an increase in the frequency of morphological variations.
The US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA, 1993a and 1993b) concluded that: "In chronic oncogenicity studies using mice, rats and beagle dogs, boric acid and borax were found not to be carcinogenic; however, testicular effects and decreases in body weight resulted at high dose levels." "In reproductive and developmental toxicity studies using rats, mice, and rabbits, maternal liver and kidney effects and decreased weight gain as well as decreased fetal body weights were observed. In two studies, at the highest dose levels, no litters were produced. Prenatal mortality occurred at the highest dose levels in the rabbit study." The numbers of corpora lutea were found to be decreased in a multi-generation study conducted in rats, indicating a decreased frequency of ovulation. When treated female rats were mated with control males, there was a decrease in the number of litters produced, and pup survival was compromised.” http://www.oehha.ca.gov/prop65/CRNR...referenced_docs/abpkg5rb.html
(8) “Chronic dermal exposure to boron in neonates was fatal (Litovitz et al. 1988).” http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp26-c2.pdf
(9) “Women exposed during early pregnancy to chemicals such as cockroach and ant insecticides for one month in the home environment were found to have a70% raised risk for stillbirths due to congenital defects,” the researchers conclude. (Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1997;54:511-518)”
“Animal studies demonstrated that boron can cause injury after intermediate and chronic exposure to the gonads in animals, especially the testes. (Seal and Weeth 1980)” http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp26-c2.pdf
(10) “Oral studies in animals demonstrated injury to the gonads and to the developing fetus. (NIEHS 1990a; NTP 1987; Weir and Fisher 1972).”
“Chronic inhalation exposure caused irritation of the upper respiratory tract (Garabrant et al. 1984, 1985).”
“Boron does cause health effects following acute dermal exposure.”
There is one human study that showed reproductive damage with a sample size of 28 men. (Tarasenko et al. 1972)
“Death. Human studies have shown that boron can be lethal following short-term exposure. The minimal lethal dose of ingested boron (as boric acid) was reported to be 2-3 g in infants, 5-6 g in children and 15-20 g in adults (Locatelli et al. 1987; Wong et al. 1964).”
The above quotes come largely from The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) a division of the Center for Disease Control (CDC) published report called ‘Health Effects’ that reviews all the known science on Boric Acid. Please see the entire 36 page report at: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp26-c2.pdf Below are quotes from the conclusions of this document:
“Demonstrated injury to the gonads and to the developing fetus. …
Boron (as boron oxide and boric acid dusts) has been shown to cause irritation of the upper respiratory tract in humans. …
Boron does cause health effects following acute dermal exposure. …
Neonatal children are unusually susceptible to boron exposure. …
Neurological damage is an area of concern following exposure to boron …
In spite of the absence of reliable human data, limited evidence of reproductive effects in animals suggest that reproductive toxicity may be an area of concern following boron exposure in humans.”
We know the most about Boric Acid from numerous human and animal studies that cover not only ingestion, but also inhalation, skin contact, and genital contact. All these studies show serious risks for humans. Our government gives us strong warnings about Boric Acid chronic exposure risks with the greatest risks being neurological, and reproductive damage.
Studies with dogs showed genital contact with Boric Acid attacked, damaged, and shrunk the gonads.
“Studies in humans, particularly infants, show that boron (as boric acid) can be lethal following ingestion. Infants who ingested formula accidentally prepared with 2.5% aqueous solution of boric acid died within 3 days after exposure (Wong et al. 1964). … 5 of 11 infants died … Degenerative changes were seen in the liver, kidney, and brain.”
“One study was reported involving occupational exposure (10 years or greater) to boron aerosols (22-80 mg/m3) in males engaged in the production of boric acids (Tarasenko et al. 1972). The study group was small, consisting of 28 men. Low sperm counts, reduced sperm motility and elevated fructose content of seminal fluids were observed.”
“Dogs were fed 29 mg boron/kg/day as borax and boric acid (1,170 ppm), respectively in the diet for 38 weeks (Weir and Fisher 1972). Testicular atrophy and spermatogenic arrest were reported. Reproductive effects were reported in rats following chronic exposure. In rats fed up to 58.5 mg boron/kg/day (as borax or boric acid) for several generations, there was a lack of viable sperm in atrophied testes and ovulation decreased in females (Weir and Fisher 1972).”
“Boric acid was detected in urine of patients 23 days after a single ingestion (Wang et al. 1964).”
“In animals, prenatal exposure of mice (79 mg boron/kg/day as boric acid) and rats (13.6 mg boron/kg/day as boric acid) during gestation days 0-17 and 0-20 caused developmental effects consisting of reduced fetal body weight or minor skeletal changes and possibly delay in maturation (Heindel et al. 1991). There was degeneration of the seminiferous tubules and impaired spermatogenesis in mice exposed to dose levels of 111 mg boron/kg/day as boric acid for 2 generations (NIEHS 1990).”
***“EPA has identified health concerns for reproductive and blood toxicity based on data on structurally similar borons. … EPA has determined, however, that manufacture, process, or use of the substance without dermal protection may result in serious chronic and developmental effects. Also, based on analogy to boron, EPA is concerned that toxicity to aquatic organisms may occur at a concentration as low as 300 ppb of the PMN substance in surface waters.” http://www.epa.gov/oppt/chemtest/snur28.pdf
9) Some traditional mattresses contain Modacrylics. How does it compare to the use of Boric Acid?
Modacrylics is Metal Oxide Flame Retardant Chemical
Modacrylics are modified acrylic fibers. The brochure and web site from the only North American Modacrylic fiber supplier, tells us they modify acrylic fiber by adding a Metal Oxide flame retardant chemical. http://www.sefmodacrylic.com/pages/techspecs.asp
The full name for Modacrylic fibers is: Acrylonitrile-Vinylidene Chlorine Copolymer containing Metal Oxide FR Synergist. I can’t find exactly which Metal Oxide FRC they use but in general from what I have read, most Metal Oxide FRC’s are quite toxic to humans. The above web link also links to their Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) on Modacrylics.*** If you read this document it tells you Modacrylics are only “Slightly Toxic” for skin contact, and
“Avoid eye contact. … Minimize skin contamination … Avoid breathing dust. … Use approved respiratory protection equipment … Provide natural or mechanical ventilation to minimize exposure. … Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practices. These practices include avoiding unnecessary exposure and removal of material from eyes, skin and clothing. …
ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION: Solutia has not conducted environmental toxicity or biodegradation studies with this material. …
TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION: Solutia has not conducted toxicity studies on this material and no toxicological information was obtained in a reasonably extensive search of the available scientific literature.”
I strongly disagree with ISPA saying there are no flame retardant chemicals in fire barrier systems for mattresses. I have been unable to find any fire barrier solution to meet this standard that does not require the use of FRC’s. But all of the above may be meaningless because Boric Acid fire barrier solutions are by far the most cost effective and will be the most used in mattresses most people sleep on.
In defense of Mattress Manufacturers who are aware of some risks of Boric Acid, and are trying to find a chemical free system, it’s not easy. Fire barrier suppliers try to be secretive about their systems and tell us there are no chemicals, but inherently flame resistant fibers. There are not that many types of fibers out there. When you ask for a MSDS they somehow always forget to send it. When you push hard enough, you find out it is a Modacrylic system.
10) Are you a member of NAOMI?
NAOMI member manufacturers must follow these standards:
1. Must be free of synthetic fabrics
2. No fabrics may be treated with any chemicals suspected of being toxic, even at low levels
3. All wool must be from sheep raised according to organic standards
4. Wool must be processed according to organic standards and be free of Polyester fibers. This requires that the wool is processed at a facility that does not process polyester or chemically laden cotton batting
5. Any wool used must be tested free of arsenic and lead
6. All inner, hidden fabrics and fibers, must be certified according to GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standards)
7. All cotton batting used must be certified organic and processed according to GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standards)
8. Any other natural fibers used must be certified organic (cotton, silk).
9. Fibers used must also be processed according to GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standards), no chemical processing allowed
10. Any rubber used must be tested free of benzene, toluene, pthalates, SBR, petroleum additives, formaldehyde, arsenic, lead at under .001 ppm
11. Any glue used must be free of formaldehyde, phenolated compounds and must be disclosed
The only exceptions are: thread, metal springs, rubber as these have no certifications in the works anywhere in the world
By following these standards we are trying to make it easier for consumers to choose either an organic mattress or a natural mattress. If a manufacturer cannot meet these standards, we would then call them a natural mattress manufacturer. If they meet or exceed these standards, they would be an organic mattress manufacturer. This standard protects consumers from end products that may not be as pure as the customer believes. ***
Our manufacture is the only North American Manufacturer with many tested organic products and control from start to finish... and we can provide you with all our certifications.
11) What questions should I ask to find out if mattress is all natural and chemical free?
1. Are there any bonding or scrim in any of the battings?
2. Are there any Vanillin or scents added? All Talalay has this.
3. Are there any silica agents added?
4. Is the rubber free of all benzene, toluene, and pthalates? Ask for test results
5. Are the materials protected from growing to final product? Includes packaging
6. Is the wool batting processed at an organic facility to prevent contamination?
Also we have found that ozonation actually helps speed the breakdown of rubber.
12) What is not in your mattress?
No Bonding Agents (these are used by many companies to hold together their wool and/or cotton batting inside the quilting. This can be a chemical spray or a polyester layer called scrim).
No artificial scents (these are used to cover up the natural odors and are petrochemical-like artificial vanillan used in natural Talalay)
No Benzene, No Benzothiazone (present in others mattresses)
No silica containing dimethyl sulfate
No artificial vanillin containing petroleum
No Flamebreaker containing silica (dimethyl sulfate)
No Boric Acid
No chemical Flame Retardants
OUR WOOL IS PROCESSED ORGANICALLY
13) I am allergic to wool. Will I be allergic to your mattresses and wool products?
Most "wool allergies" are not true allergies at all, but rather high sensitivity to the feel of chemically treated wool fibers against the skin. In over 17 years of business we have yet to come across a person with an allergic reaction to our organic wool. However, because the safety of you and your family is our primary concern we will be glad to send you our allergy test kit prior to your mattress purchase.
14) Do Pure Organics Mattresses meet federal flammability standards?
Yes, our manufacturers include a lager of Organic Wool batting in all of our mattresses; wool is natural flame retardant and organic wool contains high moisture content as well as a flame reducing protein called keratin.
Testing has confirmed that the high keratin protein and moisture content of wool make it naturally resistant to burning. It is very difficult to set organic wool on fire and when and if you success it does not burn "hot" forming a cold char which tends to extinguish the burning, making it one of the safest chemical free bedding materials.
16) I have heard of Latex Allergies; how can I be sure it will not affect me?
As of yet, there have NOT been any reported cases of allergies to Pure Natural Latex (or Pure Natural Rubber) and the general incidence of latex allergy is low, less than 1% of the U.S. population. People that are allergic to latex are normally allergic to the type of latex used in making latex gloves (workers who wear latex gloves most of the day have a risk of less than 10%) which is closed cell structure latex. However, we offer a free Test Kit before you purchase our Natural Latex products to ensure your safety.
17) Where does Natural Latex come from?
Natural Latex is a resin compound found in the Natural Rubber Tree (Hevea Brasiliensis), and “Tapped” from the latex ducts of the tree; contrary to popular belief it is not the tree’s sap and the trees are not damaged in the process.
Be sure to request our free All About Natural Latex Report to be emailed to you!
19) Which Firmnesses are available?
Pure Organics offers several levels of firmness Extra Soft, Soft, Medium, Firm, Extra Firm, and Super Firm. If you suffer from back problems a medium to firm mattress is recommended. In addition if you and your partner require different firmness we offer a variety of customizable zip mattresses with split cores for maximum comfort.
20) What is the exterior of your mattresses made of?
Most of our Organic Mattresses feature a Certified Organic Wool Inner quilted onto a Certified Organic Cotton Outer. Our Vegan version does not contain wool; however, because of its lack of a natural flame retardant a doctor’s note is required.
21) What is the difference between Natural Latex and Memory Foam?
Unlike the Synthetic Memory Foam which is made with chemicals and petroleum compounds, Natural Latex is manufactured with 90-95% of Natural Rubber, 2-3% Zinc Oxide, 1-2% Fatty Acids and Soaps, 1-2% Sulphur, and 1-2% Sodium. These items are required for the vulcanization, foaming, and curing process. However, most of these ingredients are baked out. The finished core is then washed several times to achieve optimum purity and the finished product is approximately 99% natural rubber.
Also unlike Memory Foam, 100% Natural Latex Mattresses do not need to be kept in a room under 65 degrees, and because Natural Latex is firmer than memory foam you will notice that it does not leave a body impression (and will usually remain for at least 8-10 years) in addition to providing superior support.
22) Do you guarantee your products to be Purely Organic?
There are many agencies out there certifying organic products. They all have flaws created by the need for companies to cut costs, and the inability of companies to find an inexpensive mill for various processing.
Our manufacturers have gone to only the purest mills in order to surpass these standards.
GOTS Global Organic Textile Standard creates a standard that allows flame retardant finishes, chlorophenols (PCP), o-Phenylphenole, azo dyes, AOX, Formaldehyde, Glyoxal, Pesticides, antimony, arsenic, lead, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, nickel, mercury and organotin compounds as long as they do not exceed various amounts. The criteria does not meet the need for purity in a product that you are exposed to daily. Such as anything in your home.
Our manufacturers have met the need for purity by testing at zero in our raw materials testing. They far surpass the standards set by all organic certifiers. Please feel free to email or call and request copies of our certificates and test results.
Our manufactures are proud to be one of, if not the only manufacturer, to have all their testing performed by a third party.
23) What does the Latest HEADLINE NEWS Have to Say?
You won't believe the shocking truth!!!
Visit these links to watch the videos:
Informational video about the dangerous chemicals
surrounding us in our clothes & household items.
A must watch!
Biophysical chemist Arlene Blum talks about the health hazards associated with exposure to toxic flame retardants.
Watch this special report from CBS News on the Chemical Overload we are exposed to everyday and why it is so important to switch to organic.
A Must See Video about:
Cord Blood Study - Chemicals found in infants
***YOU MUST COPY AND PASTE THE URL's FOR ANY OF THE VIDEOS ABOVE AND PASTE THEM IN YOUR BROWSER TO VIEW THEM***
24) How soon do you ship your orders?
All orders are processed and shipped within 24 - 48 hours of receiving cleared payment EXCLUDING Pacific Rim Furniture.
All of the Pacific Rim Maple Furniture Product line is made to order and has an average delivery time of 6 - 8 weeks from time of order. Request for Rush Delivery can be made, and you would be notified of the soonest available delivery date.